7 Key Strategies for Avoiding the Gmail Spam Filter
How can you ensure that your legitimate email messages aren’t marked as spam and make it to the inbox? In this article, we zero in on how to avoid the Gmail filter. But keep in mind that many factors can impact your email deliverability and include:
- Building a quality, permission-based email list
- Creating relevant and engaging content
- Testing and optimizing your email campaigns to drive higher open and click rates
Now on to the specifics of the Gmail spam filter. Enjoy!
Are your email messages consistently reaching the inbox of your subscribers? Or do they often get caught by the junk filters of web-based email services, such as Google’s Gmail, and land in spam folders? If many of your subscribers are using a Gmail account — which is likely because there are more than one billion active users worldwide — we provide some key strategies to help you avoid the Gmail spam filter. Plus, you’ll likely find these tips and tactics are useful not only for the Gmail spam filter, but also how to avoid spam filters for other web-based email services.
How Do Spam Email Filters Work?
No matter the organization, many email marketing campaigns find themselves circling back to the basic questions: how does a spam email filter work and why do some email messages go straight to spam instead of the inbox?
The way different spam email filters work varies. Most webmail providers use their own internal algorithms and metrics to determine a spam score and conduct email filtering. However, your email sending reputation, the quality of the content of your email messages, and your subscriber engagement (e.g., open and click rates) all have a significant impact on whether your emails are caught in a spam filter.
To help ensure webmail providers don’t report spam email for your email address and campaigns, be sure that you are using proper email authentication and that your sending Internal protocol (IP) reputation is good. In terms of email authentication, Sender Policy Framework (SPF) and DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) are the major standards used by most Internet service providers (ISPs) and spam filter providers. Furthermore, your sending reputation is also determined by a number of factors, including blacklisting, bounce rates, spam complaints, and a lack of sending IP history.
As far as content, avoid formatting that indicates your email is spam, such as:
- Using a wide variety of font sizes (especially bigger than 12 point), styles, and colors
- Using all uppercase letters
- Including a link to several link different domains
- Using exclamation points in the subject line
- Using symbols and numbers to help spell words
- Including too many large images.
Maintaining a high-quality email list is also key to getting through a spam filter. If you send email campaigns to an invalid email address or to prospects and customers who consistently don’t open or click your email messages, your email reputation and deliverability will suffer.
How Does Gmail Determine an Email Is Spam?
Gmail’s junk mail algorithms and user-created forwarding rules are quite effective at auto filtering unsolicited email messages and unwanted junk email, and delivering them to recipients’ junk folders. Unfortunately, there are times when legitimate email messages are marked as junk, even though the subscriber wanted to receive them. Although email services don’t share the exact algorithms for deciding if an email is unwanted by intended recipients, the following are some of the major reasons why email messages may be marked as junk or why rules in Gmail may result in a message automatically being blocked:
- Content — Typically one of the least common causes for pushing email messages to the junk box, certain words or phrases found within messages and subject lines can cause them to be caught in a spam filter.
- Link sources — If messages include a link to a website that is blacklisted, the messages could be caught in an email spam filter.
- Source — If other email messages sent from the same IP address that you use appear to be junk, your emails may be categorized that way, too. In other words, it’s guilt by association. This can become a problem for small email senders who may be on a shared server.
- Headers — If there are inconsistencies in the “from” address and “reply to” address and domains, emails will be filtered as spam.
- Engagement — Recipients who know how to create rules in Gmail can manage filter settings and deliberately label certain messages as junk email; however, engagement metrics, such as open and click rates, also can affect the email-filtering process. An increasing number of Internet service providers (ISPs), including Yahoo! and Gmail, are using such engagement metrics to determine if an email should automatically be deleted as junk email, or be blocked or filtered as spam. In effect, Google is simply trying to provide a great user experience, just as Google’s search algorithms do. So, Google views engagement metrics as an indicator of whether or not the user is interested in email from an approved sender list. We have seen tests where a list with high levels of engagement get through the Google spam filter, while a list without the engagement doesn’t get through.
Do You Have a Gmail Deliverability Problem?
How can you tell if you’re having deliverability issues with your Gmail subscribers? One way to detect a problem is by comparing the open rates of subscribers using other email software or services, such as Yahoo!, Hotmail, or Microsoft’s Outlook.com. If the average open rate of an email sent to Yahoo! subscribers is 30%, for example, and only 5% for Gmail subscribers, it’s likely your email is going to Gmail junk folders instead of the inbox.
How to Prevent Email From Going to Spam
How to avoid email spam filters is vital for any marketing or sales team to know. The following are some important strategies and spam filter testing tips to help you get into the inbox of Gmail subscribers and prevent deliverability problems in the future:
- Check the email content. If you have a deliverability issue, check to see if the content is to blame. Start by sending a neutral message to a Gmail address using your existing sending infrastructure including the “from” address, sending domain, and IP address. If it doesn’t get filtered to Google junk mail, break up the copy of the problem email and be sure to send it in pieces to determine if the problem is located in the subject line or message copy. And keep in mind that it could be an image or a link that’s causing the deliverability issue.
- Tell subscribers to watch for your email messages. Emails to confirm a purchase or new subscription are among the most opened emails. So use them to tell your subscribers to watch for upcoming campaigns and to check their spam folders if they don’t receive them. It’s possible users may have created an email rule or spam filter that either blocked or marked your email address and content as junk email. You may also want to remind your users how to set rules in Gmail: to click the “not spam” link if they find your email address in their Gmail junk folders, which will let Google know that they want to receive your email campaigns.
- Ask subscribers to add your “from” address to their Gmail list of contacts. This will help ensure that your emails don’t suffer Gmail automatic forwarding to recipients’ junk folders.
- Keep track of your engagement metrics. Do your subscribers open and click your email? Or do they skip and delete your email campaigns without opening them, hit the unsubscribe link, or report them as spam? Gmail uses such engagement metrics to determine whether its users want your emails. So if your subscribers are inactive — i.e., if they haven’t opened or clicked your emails in a certain period of time, such as 6 months — you should consider running a reengagement campaign. In this way, you’ll identify the subscribers who aren’t interested in receiving your email and can remove them from your email address list.
- Make unsubscribing quick and easy. How easy is it for people to unsubscribe from your email list? Is it a simple, one-click process? Is the unsubscribe link easy to find and click? Do you promptly respond to unsubscribe requests? If people can’t easily unsubscribe, they’re much more likely to report your emails as junk and hurt your email reputation.
- Create an opt-in subscription process. In fact, Google recommends using a double opt-in subscription process, which involves sending a follow-up message that each subscriber needs to respond to and click. In addition, Google recommends not using pre-checked opt-in check boxes.
- Consider using a dedicated IP address and private domain. This is an important way to help ensure compliance with Gmail’s authentication strategy. We discussed the important role the IP address and domain name play in email deliverability in a previous feature. And when becoming a “new sender” with a new IP address, be sure to use an IP ramp-up strategy: Start by sending a low volume of emails and gradually increase the volume over several weeks.
Click here for additional information about Gmail’s guidelines for sending bulk emails.
Need to improve the deliverability of your Gmail messages? We have helped many companies solve their deliverability issues. If you’re having issues with your emails getting junked, the experts at FulcrumTech can help. Email us or give us a call at 215-489-9336 and get started today.
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- How to Deal with Yahoo Email Delivery Issues
- What You Need to Know About the CAN-SPAM Act